TALLINN UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY

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Publications

The list of our published publications can be found here.
 


The Russian Federation in Global Knowledge Warfare
Influence Operations in Europe and Its Neighbourhoods
 

Editors: Holger Mölder, Vladimir Sazonov, Archil Chochia, Tanel Kerikmäe
2021
 

This book examines Russian influence operations globally, in Europe, and in Russia’s neighboring countries, and provides a comprehensive overview of the latest technologies and forms of strategic communication employed in hybrid warfare. Given the growing importance of comprehensive information warfare as a new and rapidly advancing type of international conflict in which knowledge is a primary target, the book examines Russia’s role in Global Knowledge Warfare.  

The content is divided into three parts, the first of which addresses conceptual issues such as the logic of information warfare, the role of synthetic media, and Russia’s foreign policy concepts, including the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on influence operations. The second part analyzes technological, legal and strategic challenges in modern hybrid warfare, while the third focuses on textual, cultural and historical patterns in information warfare, also from various regional (e.g. the Western Balkans, Romania, Ukraine, and the Baltic) perspectives. The book is primarily intended for scholars in the fields of international relations, security and the military sciences who are interested in Russian foreign policy and influence operations, but also their impact on the global security environment. 

MO_the russian federation

The EU in the 21st Century
Challenges and Opportunities for the European Integration Process

Editors: Ramiro Troitiño, D., Kerikmäe, T., De la Guardia, R.M., Perez, G.A. (Eds.)
2020

In the light of Brexit, the migration crisis, and growing scepticism regarding the European integration process, this book offers a comprehensive overview of the most pressing problems facing the European Union in the 21st century. Written by experts from various disciplines, the contributions cover a wide range of economic, legal, social and political challenges, including populism, migration, Brexit, and EU defence, foreign policy and enlargements. Each paper includes a historical account, insights into the problems and challenges confronting the EU, and an assessment of the institutions and policy instruments applied by the EU in response. Discussing each of the problems as part of a process – including the historical roots, current situation and potential solutions – the book allows readers to gain an understanding of the European Union as a living project.

The EU in the 21st Century

Inteligencia artificial: de la discrepancia regional a las reglas universales.

Editors: Kerikmäe, T.; Solarte-Vasquez, M. C.; Rudanko, M.; Troitiño, D. R. (Eds.)
2020

Artificial Intelligence presents an extreme complexity for its development, but its correct implementation will have associated benefits for society. It is necessary to provide the development of this new technology with a social, legal, economic and political framework, which channels its development in accordance with the principles and values of our society. Therefore, the European framework is the most appropriate to guide and maximize the creation, development and implementation of a technology destined to change the world in the coming decades. This book deals with the main challenges associated with Artificial Intelligence from a multidisciplinary approach to give a global vision of a tangled issue yet to be defined.

Inteligencia artificial

TalTech Journal of European Studies

Editors-in-Chief: Tanel Kerikmäe
Managing Editors: Archil Chochia, Tarmo Tuisk
2020

TalTech Journal of European Studies is a semiannual double blind peer-reviewed international research journal (formerly known as Baltic Journal of European Studies) with an international editorial office and extensive international editorial board, abstracted in SCOPUS, WoS and other relevant databases. The scope of the journal is related to digitalisation and technology implementation and its impact in social, political, economic and cultural domains in the European Union and its member states. TalTech Journal of European Studies is an effective channel of academic dissemination as it is widely read and distributed through European research networks and libraries and read by policy makers as well.

TalTech Journal of European Studies

The Use of Force against Ukraine and International Law: Jus Ad Bellum, Jus In Bello, Jus Post Bellum

Editors: Sayapin, Sergey; Tsybulenko, Evhen
2018

  • The book offers expert insights into the application of jus ad bellum, jus in bello, and jus post bellum to the ongoing armed conflict between the Russian Federation and Ukraine.
  • Written by a team of international lawyers from Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Caribbean, the book offers transnational perspectives on the conflict, and suggests lessons other States could learn from it.
  • The first comprehensive monograph of its kind covering the evolution of the conflict in Ukraine since 2014.

It will be useful to practitioners of international law working at national Ministries of Defence, Justice, and Foreign Affairs, as well as in Parliaments, to lawyers of international organizations, and to national and international judges dealing with matters of public international law, international humanitarian law and criminal law. It will also be of interest to scholars and students of international law, and to historians of international relations.

SBG Ukraine

Brexit
History, Reasoning and Perspectives

Editors: Ramiro Troitiño, David; Kerikmäe, Tanel; Chochia, Archil (Eds.)
2018

  • Provides a systematic and multidisciplinary analyses of rather complex EU-UK relations
  • Delivers a new conceptual approach to Brexit, seeing it as a process, rather than a outcome of the referendum of 2016
  • Combines opinions of scholars from UK, EU member states, as well as EU institutions

While the discussions among Brexiters mainly focus on the referendum of 2016 or David Cameron’s “great miscalculation” and its repercussions, this book looks at the Brexit as a process that began decades earlier. It analyses EU-UK relations from a new perspective, taking into consideration the historical background, political aspects, and legal and economic matters. The book provides a holistic understanding of the Brexit, approaching the referendum and its outcomes as the culmination of a long process rather than an isolated political event crafted within the corridors of Westminster or Downing Street 10. Accordingly, it addresses a range of thematic issues, historical patterns of political and economic behavior both within and beyond the United Kingdom, and possible future effects on relations between the Union and one of its most important members.

SBG Brexit

Russia and the EU - Spaces of Interaction

Editors: Makarychev, A.; Hoffmann, T. (Ed.)
2018

The annexation of Crimea in 2014 and Russia’s support for military insurgency in eastern Ukraine undermined two decades of cooperation between Russia and the EU leaving both sides in a situation of reciprocal economic sanctions and political alienation. What is left of previous positive experiences and mutually beneficial interactions between the two parties? And, what new communication practices and strategies might Russia and Europe use? This book is an important resource for researchers in Russian and Soviet Politics, Eastern European Politics and the policy, politics and expansion of the European Union.

Russia and the EU - Spaces of Interaction

The Law of the Baltic States

Editors: Kerikmäe, T., Joamets, K., Pleps, J., Rodiņa, A., Berkmanas, T., Gruodytė, E. (Eds.)
2017

  • The first comprehensive and systematic book on the legal systems of the Baltic States in English
  • Covers all the main fields and branches of law in light of Europeanization and globalization
  • Addresses structures, problems, and perspectives
  • A valuable guide for students and professionals alike

This is the first book to present the law of the Baltic States in one comprehensive and coherent volume in English. The Baltic States region, which was incorporated by the Soviet Union for 50 years and now is the only such territory in the EU, continues to be characterized by a number of unique traits, problems and developmental trends.  This book addresses these facets of law – the status quo, problems and trends – by adopting a comparative perspective structure for all three Baltic States (divided into three main parts – Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania). Each of these parts examines similar core aspects: General Frameworks, Public Law, and Private Law. Taking into account the peculiarities of each country, the individual chapters provide analyses of principles, problems and developments in specific legal branches. The authors of the book are recognized academics and professionals in the field of law. Taken together, their contributions offer a valuable tool and resource for anyone interested in the law of the Baltic States: students, legal practitioners, scholars, administrators, etc.

The Law of the Baltic States

Special Issue of Asian Security 

2017

The major publication in the field of social sciences. A transnational multi-year academic project, ‘NATO Global Perceptions – Views from [the] Asia-Pacific Region’, which was operationally managed by the Centre for Asia-Pacific Studies (Department of Law, School of Business and Governance, TalTech), has been finalised with a sizable manuscript published as a Special Issue of Asian Security, a reputable A-rated academic journal. Having commenced in October 2014, the study was funded by NATO’s Science for Peace and Security Programme, TalTech and the NATO Public Diplomacy Division. During the Project’s Final Conference at NATO HQ (February 2017), the research work was acknowledged as the most international academic study in social sciences ever conducted in the framework of NATO SPS Programme. Almost three years of work, two international conferences, 5 workshops and round tables on three continents, 19 researchers and administrators from 8 different countries involved – the Project’s exposure to the stakeholders confirmed the novelty and relevance of the research to the Alliance and its global partnerships. Apart from a groundbreaking academic impact, the results discussed with practitioners and stakeholders were found relevant for NATO’s public diplomacy-related and strategic communication initiatives in the Asia-Pacific, as well as for the Alliance’s Building Integrity Programme and the organisation’s Operations Division.
 

NATO Global Perceptions – Views from the Asia-Pacific Region
NATO’s “Global Partners” in Asia: Shifting Strategic Narratives
Narrative Alignment and Misalignment: NATO as a Global Actor as Seen from Australia and New Zealand
NATO’s “Global Partners” in Asia: Shifting Strategic Narratives
Narrative Alignment and Misalignment: NATO as a Global Actor as Seen from Australia and New Zealand
NATO-Japan Relations: Projecting Strategic Narratives of “Natural Partnership” and Cooperative Security
Views on NATO from Mongolia and the Republic of Korea: Hedging Strategy, and “Perfunctory Partnership”?
Communicating NATO in the Asia-Pacific Press: Comparative Analysis of Patterns of NATO’s Visibility, Capability, Evaluation, and Local Resonance

Special Issue of Asian Security

Political and Legal Perspectives of the EU Eastern Partnership Policy

Editors: Tanel Kerikmäe, Archil Chochia
2016

  • Very topical issue related to the EU future developments
  • Recommendation for the future strategies
  • Includes diverse and interdisciplinary insight to the EaP policy
  • Includes EaP countries' experiences and critique
  • Wide range of professional authors directly related to EU studies and having close ties with EaP countries

This book examines EU Eastern Partnership taking into account geopolitical challenges of EU integration. It highlights reasons for limited success, such as systematic conflict of EU External Action. In addition, the book analyses country-specific issues and discusses EaP influence on them, investigating political, economic and social factors, while seeking for potential solutions to existing problems. The reluctance of the Eastern countries to the European reforms should not reduce political pro-activeness of the EU. The authors suggest that EaP strategies should be reviewed to be more reciprocal and not based solely on the EU-laden agenda. This book is one of the good examples of cooperation between scholars not only from EaP and EU countries, but also from different disciplines, bringing diversity to the discussion process.

Political and Legal Perspectives of the EU Eastern Partnership Policy

The Future of Law and eTechnologies

Editors: Tanel Kerikmäe, Addi Rull
2016

  • Includes topics of law which have not been written about extensively
  • Topics of law are discussed in the context of emerging and innovative future technologies
  • Compact overview of some of the most challenging fields of regulation
  • Creates new theoretical framework for regulators and decision-makers

This book presents groundbreaking discussions on e-residency, cryptocurrencies, scams, smart contracts, 3D printing, software agents, digital evidence and e-governance at the intersection of law, legal policies and modern technologies. The reader benefits from cutting-edge analyses that offer ideas and solutions to some of the most pressing issues caused by e-technologies. This collection is a useful tool for law and IT practitioners and an inspiring source for interdisciplinary research. Besides serving as a practical guideline, this book also reflects theoretical dimensions of future perspectives, as new technologies are not meant to change common values but to accommodate them.

The Law of the Baltic States

Constitutionalism Beyond the State

Editors: Ondrej Hamuľák
2016

The supranational character of the European Union or supranationality itself represents a methodological basis for EU constitutionalization. This model of cooperation manifests the utilitarian and functionalist understanding of European integration, which emphasizes the efficiency of achieving the outlined goals of cooperation (Craig, The evolution of EU law. Oxford University Press, New York, 1999). This concept favours decision-making and the regulation of specific activities, which are confined to an independent administration, which unlike political representation, can more rapidly and effectively react to emerging problems, and to common desires of all involved entities.

Constitutionalism Beyond the State

Democracy Through Regional Integration

Editors: Katrin Nyman-Metcalf, Ioannis Papageorgiou
2015

Regional integration systems are becoming increasingly important - inspired by the most integrated continent, Europe, but taking on various characteristics on different continents. Such systems have become an important feature of global democracy, even preventing unconstitutional taking of power in various countries. This may be thanks to explicit tasks and powers set out in the constitutive documents or it may be something developed ad hoc in response to events, despite the fact that most regional integration systems aim at economic cooperation rather than explicitly at democratisation. However, developments toward further regional integration in most parts of the world mean that the original aims and cooperation mechanisms have tended to expand. This book analyses how regional integration systems all over the world might be able to act as defenders or promoters of democracy, rule of law and the respect for human rights among their members. It also examines whether and to what extent the promotion and protection of rights through a regional integration organisation can have a decisive importance for democratisation of member states: can an organisation become greater than the sum of its parts and push these parts toward something that they may not otherwise, if the organisation did not exist, have achieved? [Subject: Human Rights Law, International Law, European Law, Politics]

Democracy through Regional Integration

Pasado, presente y futuro de la Unión Europea

Editors: David Ramiro Troitino, Tanel Kerikmäe, Archil Chochia
2015

Este libro presenta una visión global del proceso de construcción europea desde diversas perspectivas, para otorgar un entendimiento general de la Unión Europea y facilitar la comprensión del más atrayente proyecto político de la humanidad. La historia de la Unión Europea, el desarrollo de la Unión con sus numerosas ampliaciones, las instituciones comunitarias que forman la estructura de la UE, las principales políticas de Europa, su verdadera fuerza son tratados de manera independiente en este libro.

Pasado, presente y futuro de la Unión Europea

Regulating eTechnologies in the European Union. Normative Realities and Trends

Editor: Tanel Kerikmäe 
2014

  • Presents a systematic overview of the most relevant fields of e-regulation
  • Offers practical guidelines on the basis of binding legal norms and case-law
  • Maps the current standards, problem areas and trends

The EU strategy 2020 includes ambitious plans for e-regulation that could improve Europe’s competitiveness. However, the European states have very different legal frameworks in this field. This book introduces flagship initiatives and provides a detailed overview and analysis of the current standards and latest developments, offering practical insights and guidelines for practitioners and policy-makers alike. Further, as it discusses the main areas of e-regulation, it can serve as a useful platform for university education in light of the growing need for new kinds of specialists, i.e. IT lawyers. The book concentrates on fields that are directly affected by e-regulation such as cyber-security, databases, computer programs, e-governance, IP and competition law and informatics.

Political and Legal Perspectives of the EU Eastern Partnership Policy

Protecting Human Rights in the EU
Controversies and Challenges of the Charter of Fundamental Rights

Editor: Tanel Kerikmäe
2014

  • Systematic overview of all the rights covered by the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights
  • Analysis of the constitutional problems and institutional framework
  • Recommendations for practitioners 

Human rights are much talked about and much written about, in academic legal literature as well as in political and other social sciences and the general political debate. This book argues that the universality of basic human rights is one of the values of the concept of rights. It points out the risk of a certain “inflation” caused by the current habit of talking so much and so often about human rights and of using them as a basis for claims of various kinds. These rights, their understanding and interpretation may need to become more “purist” to ensure that universal human rights as a concept survive. Another chapter concentrates on the analysis of the frames of “EU protected human rights” from the perspective of effective implementation. Further, the book not only deals with the complicated relations between the EU and international law, but also seeks to show the horizontal effect. To that end, the fears and hopes of the member states and interest groups are categorized and commented on. Lastly, the gaps in theory and practice are addressed, current trends related to implementation are pointed out, and suggestions are made concerning how to make the best out of the Charter.

Protecting Human Rights in the EU Controversies and Challenges of the Charter of Fundamental Rights

Democratising the EU from below? : citizenship, civil society and the public sphere

Editors: Tatjana Evas, Ulrike Liebert, Alexander Gattig
2013

For the European Union of the 21st century, the search for sustainable prosperity and stability includes the challenge of reconciling democratic ideals and practices with the construction of a European constitutional order. From the 2001 Laeken Summit to the 2009 Lisbon Treaty and beyond EU leaders have repeatedly set out to bring citizens closer to EU governance by making it more democratic and effective yet several national ratification referendums have shown that publics are divided about whether and why to endorse or veto complex EU reform packages imposed from the top down. Despite these limitations people do effectively engage in the making of a European polity. By initiating national court proceedings active citizens are promoting fundamental European rights in Member States' practices. As party members they contribute to shaping mass media communication about, and national publics' understanding of, European political alternatives. As civil society activists citizens help build social networks for contesting certain EU reforms or advocating others. Last but not least, as voters in national and European elections they choose between competing party visions, and national parliamentary stances regarding the role of democratic citizenship. This original contribution to the debate about democratic citizenship vis-à-vis the challenges of economic globalization and European political integration presents critical explorations of different fields of direct, representative, participatory and deliberative democratic citizenship practices that affect the transformation of Europe. This original contribution to the debate about democratic citizenship vis-à-vis the challenges of economic globalization and European political integration presents critical explorations of different fields of direct, representative, participatory and deliberative democratic citizenship practices that affect the transformation of Europe.

Democratising the EU from below

Multilayered Representation in the European Union: Parliaments, courts and the public sphere

Editors: Tatjana Evas, Ulrike Liebert, Christopher Lord
2012

The evolving European Union brings up vital questions about where democracy is heading. The book contributes to this discussion by offering critical appraisals and constructive propositions by eminent experts engaging with the novel configuration of “multilayered representation”. Key issues are the “European Multilevel Parliamentary Field”, the role of European Jurisprudence for representation, and the emerging European public sphere.

Multilayered Representation in the European Union: Parliaments, courts and the public sphere

Regional Integration and Courts of Justice

Editors: Katrin Nyman-Metcalf, Ioannis Papageorgiou
2005

The success of European integration and the political stability and economic prosperity it offers to its members has found followers elsewhere. Several countries in different parts of world have been inclined to embark on projects of regional integration. Though the majority of them are limited to economic integration objectives, some, in particular, regional groups in Latin America, profess to attain ambitious political goals and are constructed emulating the EU institutional structure. In some cases, this structure includes a regional court of justice, entrusted with telling community law and solving differences between Member States. The aim of this book is to study the importance of such courts of justice as institutional actors for the development of regional integration. In such a project, the study of the EU and the European Court of Justice immediately presents itself as most relevant and important. However, the book expands the study beyond an examination of the EU to encompass a comparative approach with other regional courts of justice, in particular the Central American Court of Justice and, subsidiarily, the Andean Court of Justice. Such a comparison allows both to assess the important differences between the courts as well as between the integration processes and to draw certain common features at present and for the future institutional evolution of other regional integration blocs.

Regional Integration and Courts of Justice